A Journey to Kano State: Experience the Heart of Northern Nigeria

Ever wanted to take an adventure far from the well-trodden tourist trail? Pack your bags and hop on a plane, train or a car to Kano, the capital of Kano State, in the Northwest geopolitical zone of  Nigeria. This bustling city perfectly introduces the region’s people, sounds, and flavours. You’ll wander ancient city walls, barter at vibrant markets, and gaze at intricate Hausa architecture. The scent of suya kebabs and tuwo shinkafa will make your mouth water as you stroll by food vendors. Friendly locals will greet you with a smile and shout of “Sannu!” – hello in Hausa. An exotic world awaits in this historic city, so leave your preconceptions behind and dive in headfirst. By the end of your trip, the call to prayer at dawn will sound as familiar as an old friend. A journey to Kano will open your eyes to a side of North you never knew existed.

Kano state. Credit: Kano State Government

Exploring the Ancient City of Kano

Once you’ve arrived in Kano, the first place you’ll want to explore is the ancient city itself. This historic center has been an important trade hub for centuries and is packed with cultural gems.

The Emir’s Palace should be at the top of your list. Built in the 15th century, this sprawling compound is the official residence of the Emir of Kano and a stunning example of traditional Hausa architecture. You can tour parts of the palace and may even catch a glimpse of the Emir himself!

Just steps away is the Gidan Makama Museum, which offers insight into the history and culture of Kano. Housed within a historic palace, the museum contains artifacts, handicrafts, and documents showcasing the region’s heritage.

No trip to Kano is complete without visiting the Kurmi Market, one of the largest markets in West Africa. This bustling bazaar has been operating for over 500 years and sells everything from handcrafted goods and spices to livestock. Be prepared to haggle for the best deals!

Amid the hustle and bustle, the tranquility of the Kano Central Mosque provides a peaceful respite. One of the most impressive mosques in Nigeria, this iconic landmark was first built in the 15th century and is an architectural wonder with its traditional Hausa styling.

Kano Central Mosque. Credit: MaddissonLibraries

Kano’s ancient city has witnessed the rise and fall of empires, endured wars and invasions, yet still stands strong today. By exploring this historic center, you’ll gain insight into the region’s rich past and a deeper understanding of contemporary Hausa culture. An unforgettable journey awaits you in Kano!

The Magnificent Emir’s Palace: A Peek Into the Past

Once you arrive in Kano, head straight to the Emir’s Palace. This historic royal residence gives you a glimpse into the region’s prestigious past.

Entrance to the Emir of Kano’s palace. Credit: Sarayi Jibreel

Built in the 15th century, the palace complex consists of many rooms and courtyards, each more ornate than the last. You’ll see intricate wood carvings, colorful murals, and Arabic calligraphy adorning the walls. The grand Durbar Hall is especially breathtaking, with its monumental columns and delicately carved ceiling.

One of the courtyards at the palace. Credit: Williams Nimi

As you explore the palace, you may catch sight of royal guards in their regal uniforms of red and gold. If you’re lucky, you could witness one of the Emir’s extravagant parades featuring horseback riders, musicians, and dancers in traditional attire. These celebrations highlight the rich cultural heritage of the Hausa people.

Traditional horse riders at the palace. Credit: Mahmoud Hussaini

The palace also houses a library with rare manuscripts and a museum displaying artifacts like pottery, weaponry, and other relics from ancient kingdoms. The collections provide insight into the region’s ethnography and history.

A tour of the Emir’s Palace is a must for anyone visiting Kano. Its grandeur and opulence are a testament to the legacy of the Hausa Empire. You’ll leave with a deep appreciation for the customs and traditions of Northern Nigeria.

Shop Till You Drop at Kurmi Market

No trip to Kano is complete without exploring Kurmi Market, the largest market in West Africa. This sprawling market has everything under the sun, so come prepared to shop till you drop. The market is located at the jankara district of kano.

Sandwood and Incense spices on display at Kurmi market. Credit: Wikipedia

Bargain for Beautiful Textiles

Kano is known for its colorful textiles, and Kurmi Market is the place to find them. You’ll see piles of hand-dyed indigo cloth, intricately patterned woven fabrics, and richly embroidered materials. Strike up a conversation with one of the many textile vendors and try your hand at bargaining. You’re sure to find a dazzling new outfit or piece of fabric to take home as a souvenir.

Fabric vendors at the Kurmi Market. Credit: Listsng

Peruse the Fresh Produce

The market is also home to lots of local farmers selling their fresh produce, meat, and spices. Marvel at the mounds of okra, onions, and peppers. Find exotic spices like kuli kuli, a spicy peanut snack, or dried habanero peppers to kick up your cooking back home. Look for fresh goat, beef or ram to sample Kano’s signature suya – meat grilled over hot coals and coated in a spicy peanut rub.

Discover Hidden Gems

Beyond the obvious textiles and foodstuffs, keep your eyes open for other treasures. You may stumble upon colorful handmade pottery, ornate metalwork, handcrafted leather goods or traditional wooden carvings. Strike up a conversation with some of the skilled craftspeople to learn about these ancient artistic traditions still being practiced today.

Craft work on display at Kurmi Market. Credit: Wikipedia

A trip to Kurmi Market is a feast for all your senses. The vibrant fabrics, exotic aromas of spices and grilled meats, and sounds of vendors hawking their wares all blend together to create an unforgettable experience of northern Nigerian culture. Take your time exploring all the market has to offer—you never know what hidden gems you may discover in this bustling bazaar.

A Taste of Kano: Suya, Kilishi and Other Delicacies

No trip to Kano is complete without sampling the local cuisine. Kano is a food lover’s paradise, with delicacies that reflect the city’s history and diversity.


Suya is Kano’s signature street food. Strips of meat, usually beef, lamb or chicken, are rubbed with a spicy paste and grilled over hot coals. The aroma of suya grilling wafts through the city’s streets, tempting you with its smoky and savoury scent. Find a suya joint, choose your meat and any extras like onions or chili pepper, and enjoy this flavourful treat.

A typical suya spot at night. Credit:Worldorgs


Kilishi is another popular street snack of dried, spiced meat. Thinly sliced beef, goat, or camel meat is sun-dried and seasoned with chili, ginger, and other spices. The result is a chewy, intensely flavored jerky that is perfect for snacking on the go. Look for vendors selling golden-red strips of kilishi dangling from hooks—you can buy it by the strip or kilo.

Kilishi. Credit: Wikipedia


The starchy staple of Northern Nigeria is tuwo, a thick cornmeal porridge usually eaten with stews and sauces. Tuwo shinkafa, made from rice flour, and tuwo masara, made from corn flour, are two common types. Tuwo has a doughy, mashed potato-like texture and a mild corn flavor that complements boldly spiced stews. No Kano meal is complete without a side of tuwo to soak up the flavorful sauces.

Fresh tropical fruit

With its hot climate, Kano produces delicious tropical fruit like mangoes, guavas, melons, and citrus. Buy fruit from street vendors or markets and enjoy their bright, sweet flavors. Or stop for fresh fruit juice, like sugarcane juice or zobo, a tart hibiscus drink.

Fruits and Local Drinks vendors on the street of Kano. Credit: CFRNIGERIA

A trip to Kano offers a taste of history, culture, and community with every bite. Sample the city’s vibrant cuisine and you’ll understand why Kano is the culinary heart of Nigeria.

Bringing Kano Home: Souvenirs to Remember Your Trip


Kano’s leather artisans are renowned for their skill. You’ll find handmade leather bags, wallets, journals, and more. The soft camel leather is high quality and ages beautifully. Bargain at the stalls to find a leather piece that will last for years to come.

Artistic works on Display. Credit: NigeriaGalleria


The potters of Kano, especially from the village of Na’ibawa, are famous for their traditional pottery. The pottery comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, from small bowls to enormous pots. The pottery is high-fired, giving it a shiny surface. Intricate patterns are incised into the pottery, some with traditional Hausa motifs. These handcrafted pieces make wonderful decorative items and also functional kitchenware.

A pottery shop in Kano. Credit: DNERG

Other mementos

You can also find beautiful handmade jewelry, traditional musical instruments like the kora, carved wood furniture, woven baskets, local snacks like kilishi or dambun nama meat pies to bring home. Kano’s craftspeople are immensely talented, and spending your money on locally made goods helps support these historic craft traditions. Your souvenirs will remind you of the vibrant culture in the heart of Nigeria.

So there you have it, a glimpse into the cultural heart of Northern Nigeria. Kano state has so much to offer to everyone looking for an authentic experience of Hausa heritage and tradition. From the labyrinth of alleyways in the Kurmi market to the tranquil gardens of Gidan Makama to the striking grandeur of the Emir’s palace, you’ll find a sensory feast around every corner. The pulsating energy of Kano city life paired with the peaceful moments of solitude in natural surroundings create a perfect harmony of contrasts. If you want to understand the soul of the North, look no further than Kano. A journey here will stay with you long after you’ve returned home, calling you back to rediscover its hidden magic all over again.


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