As the most populous country in Africa, Nigeria is home to over 250 ethnic groups and more than 500 languages. From the northern savannas to the southern rainforests, Nigeria’s diverse landscapes will captivate you. Climb the breathtaking cliffs at Olumo Rock, see majestic waterfalls in the Mambilla Plateau, or spot rare wildlife in Yankari National Park.
Discover the vibrant culture, sample delicious jollof rice and suya, listen to highlife music, and learn about a history that spans more than 3,000 years. Thread your way through colorful marketplaces, visit historical sites from the ancient Nok civilization, and see masterful wood carvings. With an exciting blend of nature, culture, adventure, and history, Nigeria offers something for every traveler. Experience the wonders of this dynamic country for yourself. Nigeria awaits you.
Explore Nigeria’s Natural Wonders
As the home to over 250 ethnic groups and over 500 languages, Nigeria offers diverse natural wonders to discover.
Explore the rolling hills and rock formations of the Jos Plateau. Located in north-central Nigeria, the Plateau was formed by volcanic activity and erosion. It is home to stunning mountain vistas, waterfalls like Assop Falls, and the ruins of ancient cities. The temperate climate makes it an ideal escape from the heat.
Journey to Yankari National Park, one of West Africa’s last remaining stretches of wilderness. Spot elephants, hippos, baboons, and over 300 species of birds in their natural habitat. Hike through the forest to Wikki Warm Spring, a natural swimming pool whose warm waters are home to crocodiles and hippos.
Visit the coastal paradise of Lagos, where you can lounge on pristine beaches like Tarkwa Bay and Lekki Beach. Just off the coast lies a string of tropical islands in the Lagos Lagoon, including Tin Can Island and Snake Island. Charter a boat to spot colorful fish and birds.
No trip to Nigeria is complete without seeing the grandeur of Zuma Rock. This massive monolith outside Abuja towers over the surrounding savanna. You can hike to the top for panoramic views or simply gaze in awe at its sheer size and beauty.
Nigeria’s natural wonders showcase the diversity of landscapes, wildlife, and cultures. Whether exploring island paradises, hiking mountain vistas, or spotting wildlife on safari, Nigeria offers memorable adventures for every traveler. Discover all the natural splendor this beautiful country has to offer.
Experience the Thriving Culture in Nigeria’s Major Cities
As the most populous country in Africa, Nigeria has a vibrant and diverse culture. To truly experience it, visit some of the major cities:
Lagos, the largest city, is a cultural melting pot. You can find traditional Yoruba art at Nike Art Gallery, see contemporary art at African Artists’ Foundation, and catch live music at New Afrika Shrine. Don’t miss a chance to sample jollof rice, moin moin, and other delicacies.
Abuja, the capital city, was built in the 1980s and has a modern feel. Check out the National Mosque, an architectural marvel, and the National Church. The Arts and Crafts Village is home to traditional potters, weavers, and wood carvers. Taste suya, grilled meat skewers, at Jabi Lake Park.
Port Harcourt, an oil hub, has a lively nightlife. Visit the Port Harcourt Cultural Center and catch a show at the open-air amphitheater. The local cuisine, banga soup and starch, is popular.
Kaduna, an old colonial town, offers historical sights like the Lugard Hall colonial building. Shop for colorful textiles at the central market and see traditional architecture like the Sultan Bello Mosque.
No matter which cities you explore, experiencing Nigeria’s thriving arts, cultural landmarks, religions, and culinary traditions will give you a glimpse into the soul of this captivating country. By immersing yourself in the culture, you’ll discover what makes Nigeria a unique place on the planet.
Go on an Adventure in Nigeria’s National Parks
Nigeria’s national parks offer exciting adventures in stunning natural surroundings. Explore rainforests, savannas, and mountain habitats while spotting exotic wildlife in their element.
Visit Yankari National Park
Yankari National Park is Nigeria’s most popular eco-tourism destination. Spanning 2,244 square kilometers in Bauchi State, it is home to hippos, crocodiles, baboons, and over 350 bird species. Activities include:
- Game viewing along the Wikki Warm Spring River
- Bushwalking and hiking on trails through the woodlands
- Birdwatching, especially along the river and in the rainy season
- Visiting the majestic Wikki Warm Spring, where you can swim in the hot mineral waters
Trek Through Cross River National Park
Cross River National Park comprises tropical rainforest, mountains, and savanna in Cross River State. It is renowned for its biodiversity, with rare plants, primates like gorillas and chimpanzees, forest elephants, and over 700 butterfly species. Things to do include:
- Rainforest trekking and hiking, including climbing Mount Lefo at 2,416 meters
- Wildlife viewing, especially along hiking trails and riverways
- Canoeing and rafting on the Cross River for scenic views
- Visiting Kwa Falls, a spectacular waterfall in a picturesque setting
Spot Rhinos in Yankari Game Reserve
Yankari Game Reserve protects savanna and woodland in Bauchi State spanning 2,058 square kilometers. It is the only place in West Africa where you can see rhinos in the wild. Other highlights include:
- Game drives to view elephants, buffalos, hippos, lions, and over 50 other mammal species
- Birdwatching with over 300 species like vultures, eagles, bustards, and bee-eaters
- Exploring the scenic Wikki Camp Springs and Bauchi Lightning Rock
- Learning about conservation efforts to protect endangered species like the white rhino
Discover Nigeria’s natural treasures and encounter amazing wildlife in these national parks. Have an adventure you’ll never forget!
Savor the Flavors of Nigerian Cuisine
Nigerian cuisine is as diverse as its people, influenced by the many ethnic groups within the country. Some staples you must try on your visit include:
This spicy rice dish, seasoned with chili peppers, onions, and a variety of spices, is popular throughout West Africa but especially beloved in Nigeria. Each region has its own variation, so sample it from multiple places to determine your favorite.
- Common add-ins include meat, fish, or vegetables like bell peppers and carrots.
Grilled meat skewers, usually beef, chicken, or fish, coated in a spicy peanut spice rub. Suya is a popular street food, sold by vendors in markets and bus stations.
- The aromatic blend of peanuts, chili peppers, and other spices gives suya its distinctive flavor.
Steamed black-eyed pea cakes, often wrapped in leaves. Soft and savory, moin moin makes a hearty side dish or snack.
- Eggs, onions, and leafy greens are commonly mixed into the bean paste before steaming.
Boiled and pounded starchy foods like yams, cassava, or plantains. Fufu has a doughy, sticky consistency and is usually eaten by hand, rolled into small balls to soak up soups and stews.
- Pounding fufu is a social activity, done with a large pestle in a wooden mortar.
From fiery jollof rice to aromatic suya, savory moin moin to starchy fufu, Nigeria’s culinary delights reflect its rich heritage. Venture into markets and mom-and-pop restaurants to experience authentic Nigerian fare. With over 250 ethnic groups, each with unique flavors, you’ll never run out of new tastes to try. Discover the wonders of Nigeria, one delicious bite at a time.
FAQs: Traveling to Nigeria
Do I need a visa to travel to Nigeria?
Most foreign nationals traveling to Nigeria will require a valid visa to enter the country. Nigeria currently offers several types of visas for tourism and business. It is best to apply for a Nigerian visa through their official website at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip. You will need to provide a photo, an official letter of invitation from a contact in Nigeria, a return flight ticket, and proof of sufficient funds for your trip.
Is Nigeria safe for tourists?
There are certain security risks to be aware of when traveling in Nigeria. Exercise caution, especially in crowded areas like markets, avoid political gatherings and protests, and do not display valuables. Register with the U.S. Embassy upon arrival and monitor local media for updates. Certain parts of the country including Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, and Gombe states are considered unsafe for tourism due to terrorist activity and kidnappings. Check current events before your trip.
What vaccinations do I need?
Travelers to Nigeria will need to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations like MMR, DPT, flu, and polio, as well as the following:
- Hepatitis A and B: Transmitted through contaminated food/water and bodily fluids.
- Typhoid: Spread through contaminated food/water.
- Yellow fever: Required for all travelers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission. Get vaccinated at least 10 days before your trip.
- Meningococcal meningitis: Especially important during dry season from December to June.
- Rabies: Recommended especially if spending a lot of time outdoors or with animals.